Division on Visual Impairments


A quarterly newsletter from the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Visual Impairments containing practitioner tips for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and other professionals.

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Page 69 of 138

Peer Assisted Learning Strategies to Improve Reading Fluency and Socialization Among Students Who Are Blind and Visually Impaired Dr. Kathleen Stanfa, Associate Professor, Kutztown University, stanfa@kutztown.edu, and Dr. Nicole Johnson, Assistant Professor, Kutztown University, njohnson@kutztown.edu Developed by Lynn Fuchs and Doug Fuchs in 1997, Peer- Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) is a supplemental peer- tutoring program in which students are paired to complete structured tasks in reading or math. Students take turns acting as the tutor, coaching and correcting one another as they complete learning activities. Research indicates that PALS enhances reading and math skills for students with diverse academic needs. This article focuses on the use of PALS to improve reading fluency and comprehension for students with visual impairments. The teacher of the visually impaired or classroom teacher first trains their students in PALS procedures, described below: 70

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