Division on Visual Impairments


A quarterly newsletter from the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Visual Impairments containing practitioner tips for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and other professionals.

Issue link: http://dvi.uberflip.com/i/749268

Contents of this Issue


Page 67 of 83

; Lorem Ipsum Dolor Spring 2016 3 disseminate, store, and manage information in a classroom environment • Protective techniques for orientation and mobility: upper hand and forearm, lower hand and forearm, trailing, squaring off, direction taking, systematic search techniques, seating, room familiarization, and methods of orientation to indoor unfamiliar areas Standard 1 Learner Development and Individual Learning Differences KNOWLEDGE a. Development, including structure and function, of the human visual system: the eyes, optic nerve, other visual pathways, and areas of the brain involved in processing visual images b. Most prevalent causes of severe, uncorrectable visual impairment in children and youth ages birth to 22 c. Terminology related to diseases and disorders of the human visual system, including cerebral/cortical visual impairment, current treatments, effects of medications, and implications for individualizing assessment/evaluation and instruction d. Implications of prevalent visual conditions, including prognosis, common medical treatments and medications, congenital versus acquired visual impairment, and co-occurring disabilities for concept development, development and learning, and for assessment/evaluation systems and instruction e. Sensory development and its impact on development and learning when vision is impaired f. Psychosocial and psychoeducational impact of visual impairment, cultural identity, family systems, and family values on independence; development and learning; accommodations and modifications, including appropriate assistive technology; assessment/evaluation; strategy selection and implementation; progress monitoring; orientation and 68

Articles in this issue

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