Division on Visual Impairments


A quarterly newsletter from the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Visual Impairments containing practitioner tips for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and other professionals.

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Page 26 of 79

; Lorem Ipsum Dolor Spring 2016 2 Before looking into the presence or absence of APS on college campuses and whether that means anything in regards to student safety, it is important to first address the already present convictions towards these signals. For example, Gary Mackenstadt (1983) argues against the implementation of APS technology because they "encourage the thought that, even with proper training, those with a visual impairment cannot successfully navigate street crossings without additional assistance that aren't their own devices," (Vol. 2, No. 3). Does this conviction still hold true? Is the apparent lack of a seemingly helpful technology actually due to it being a bigger hindrance? These questions are what formed the basis of this particular research survey. At Kutztown University, there has been an audible pedestrian signal at the intersection between the building known as Old Main and the Schaeffer Auditorium since 1989. According to the Office of Disabilities, this signal was put in place to comply with up-and-coming ADA standards, which would help make the campus more accessible for all students. Using this information as a basis of inquiry, a set of survey questions was developed and then sent to the private colleges and universities in the state of Pennsylvania to see if the same mindset held true. Seventy-three schools were surveyed, and many of 27

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