Division on Visual Impairments

VIDBE Quarterly Volume 60(4)

A quarterly newsletter from the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Visual Impairments containing practitioner tips for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and other professionals.

Issue link: http://dvi.uberflip.com/i/599595

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Page 41 of 62

Global Adoption of Unified English Braille in English Braille Using Countries: The Introduction of a Massive Open Online Course to Support the Transition in the U.S. Sean Tikkun, M.S.Ed. TSVI, stikkun@niu.edu Stacy M. Kelly, Ed.D., TSVI, COMS, skelly@niu.edu Thomas J. Smith, Ph.D., tjsmith@niu.edu Northern Illinois University In 2004, the International Council on English Braille (ICEB) adopted the Unified English Braille (UEB) code. This adoption trickled down over time to each English Braille using country and resulted in some form of formal adoption. Here in the United States, the Braille Authority of North America (BANA) made their decision in 2012 after observing adoption trends in other English-speaking nations over time. The changes and reasons have been well documented in the literature (Bogart, Cranmer, & Sullivan, 2000; Bogart, D'Andrea, & Koenig, 2004; Bogart & Koenig, 2005; Knowlton & Wetzel, 2004; Steinman & Johnson, 2003), but a primary consequence of the change--how to retrain existing professionals and those new to the field--is a subject that is 42

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