Division on Visual Impairments

DVI Quarterly Volume 58(1)

A quarterly newsletter from the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Visual Impairments containing practitioner tips for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and other professionals.

Issue link: http://dvi.uberflip.com/i/208464

Contents of this Issue


Page 32 of 57

Investigation of a Recreational Ski Program on Individuals who are Visually Impaired Paula Conroy, Ed.D., Mark G. Davis, Randy Witte The importance of physical activity and fitness for blind and visually impaired individuals is well-documented. Research has shown that individuals who are blind and visually impaired display lower physical activity levels than sighted individuals in general. This is for several reasons, including (but not limited to): lack of access to sports experiences, lack of trained instructors, lack of practice opportunities, lack of confidence in movement, inactive lifestyles, and overprotection (Kozub & Oh, 2004; Lieberman & McHugh, 2001). However, students with visual impairments have been shown to have greater need for physical activity than do their sighted peers as activities of daily living require more exertion (Dunn & Leitschuh, 2006). Additionally, research has shown that individuals with visual impairments can attain levels of physical fitness comparable to those of their sighted peers (Lieberman, Stuart, Hand, & Robinson, 2006). While the rationale for recreational programs for the blind and visually impaired is strong, it is necessary to measure the outcomes of these programs in order to ascertain specific areas of benefit. Through this qualitative study, investigators sought to gain insight to the impact of one ski program, Foresight Ski Guides, on the participants from the perspective of the participants and their families. Method The participants in this project were 20 students ages 8-18 and their parents. Participants in the study were selected from an indication of will- 33

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