Division on Visual Impairments

DVI Quarterly Volume 58(1)

A quarterly newsletter from the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Visual Impairments containing practitioner tips for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and other professionals.

Issue link: http://dvi.uberflip.com/i/208464

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Page 30 of 57

placed before the letter they accent and are only used in the same situations in which dot 4 is currently shown. Foreign language instructional material would use the proper accented letter symbols for that language. Examples: acute over letter Fiancée ,fianc^/ee umlaut over letter: spätzel sp^3atzel grave over letter: très chic tr^*es *ic cedilla under letter François ,fran^&cois tilde over letter Señorita ,se^]norita Formatting There are no UEB-Specific rules regarding placement of headings, page numbers, blank lines, indention, preliminary pages, reference notes, and the like. Therefore, the use of UEB will not cause the placement of these items to change. What Else Many additional symbols which could be encountered in literary contexts can be represented in UEB. For example, Greek letters, diacritics, and shape symbols can be shown. There are also methods providing flexibility to show other types of font attributes if needed. For example, words can be shown to be printed in a specific color or deleted (strikethrough). Items such as these may be needed only rarely by the general reader, but students reading their school textbooks in braille encounter them often. How Symbols Are Made Every braille symbol has a root. Some symbols have prefixes in addition to the root. A symbol can have more than one prefix, but only one root. Certain dot combinations are only ever prefixes, not roots. Prefixes: 4, 45, 456, 46, 56, 6. In current literary braille, the root and prefix principle is followed to some extent, but is not strictly observed, which can cause ambiguity and limit the ability to construct new symbols. For example, in current literary braille, the closing single quotation mark and the emphasis indicator (italic sign) do not follow the principle. The current single quotation mark quote is made of two characters that are usually roots; the single italics sign is only a prefix. Overview of Changes from Current Literary Braille to UEB; BANA, March 2013 10

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